Hearing and Speech Sciences: Citing Your Sources

Research tools for Hearing and Speech Sciences program

APA Citation Style

The American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is the dominate style used in the social sciences.

Citations are important because they offer a uniform way in which authors convey where information comes from.  Since the style is standardized, readers in specific disciplines become accustomed to retrieving information from published works in a certain way.  This allows for ease of access to pertinent information.  In addition, proper citation ensures credit is given where credit is due and helps reduce unintentional plagiarism.

When we think of citation styles, we usually think of footnotes, end notes, in-text citations, and bibliographies. However, there is much more to it. Citation styles, like APA, also provide standardized rules for formatting papers and writing for your peers and colleagues. This lends structure to professional, academic writing.


Useful APA Citation Style Resources 



       American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American psychological association.                     Washington: American Psychological Association.

            Located in the Peabody Library Reference Section: BF76.7 .P83 2010 (and in "Writing Reference" section)



APA Citation Style Sources


APA Word Template (created by Peabody Library, Vanderbilt University)

Sample APA paper from the APA manual (page 41)

APA Citation Style Checklist (developed by Michelle Edwards Thomson, Red Deer College,  Canada)

 Unraveling APA: The Keys to Success