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The Vanderbilt University Visual Resources Center is located in Cohen Hall 134 and is your source for finding and properly using high-quality images resources for your papers, presentations, and projects.
MLA and Chicago are common citation styles in the Art History field. However, your professor may have a different preference for what information they expect in citations, so refer to their syllabus for details.
When to Cite
When to Attribute
Any images you plan to use in a scholarly work (from print or web) should be cited according to required format style (MLA, Chicago, etc.)
You may attribute an image for presentations, papers, or other formats that do not require a specific style.
Not all citation styles require all the information relating to an artwork, but the the following details are commonly required in citations:
Artist; title; date created; material or medium; dimensions of work; repository or owner; city or country of origin; repository accession number; image reproduction source
Citing in the body of the text
Refer to the work of art using the following format: Artist/creator, Title (Figure #).
Assign figure numbers in order as each new image is first referenced in the text. Include the figure number when you cite all the images at the end of the text.
When composing a citation, provide what information you do know and write "unknown" for any information you cannot locate.
Cite the original source of images found on Google, rather than google.com.
A free and open source citation management system that collects and organizes bibliographic data and research materials. Zotero also recognizes citable sources in your web browser. Generate a bibliography for a paper in seconds.
Include any additional information required to locate the image, such as date retrieved or website/publication source. In the example above, the title has been hyperlinked to the Flickr page for this work.
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