The following resources will assist in analyzing potential firm success in the next recession.
For public companies, look at their latest annual report, as well as quarterly filings and earnings call transcripts. They can usually be found by searching for the company name and "investor relations" on your favorite search engine.
IBISWorld Industry reports include a section on key external drivers in the industry performance chapter. In addition, you can access U.S. Business Environment Profiles by clicking on Industry Risk Ratings in the upper right.