Open Educational Resources

Finding and using Open Educational Resources for Online teaching

What Does the Research Say?

Numerous studies have shown the efficacy of OER to meet or surpass traditional educational resources, while both saving students considerable money and enabling educators to adopt innovative pedagogical practices. More information and a bibliography of OER research may be found through the Hewlett and Gates funded Open Education Group.

Bay View Analytics 2019 report on Educational Resources in Higher Education

Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition work on Open Educational Resources.


Library Support for OER Creation and Adoption

Open Audio and Images

Introduction to OER

OER Logo







Open Educational Resources (OER) are "teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others."* This means, OER are free of most copyright restrictions, and as such are ideal for use in online teaching. OER May include full textbooks, or other tools such as streaming media, images, open access publications, and more.

OER allow:

  • Retain -- users have the right to make, archive, and own copies of the content
  • Reuse -- content can be reused in its unaltered form
  • Revise -- content can be adapted, adjusted, modified, and altered
  • Remix -- original or revised content can be combined with other content to create something new
  • Redistribute -- copies of the content can be shared with others in its original, revised or remixed form.**

* From:

** From:

Finding Open Textbooks

Where to Find Open Textbooks

OER are often developed by faculty, peer reviewed by faculty, and made available openly online, or available for print. You may find full OER textbooks through:

OpenStax (Rice University)

Open Textbook Library (University of Minnesota)


Finding Other OER

Where to find other types of OER

There are a growing number of repositories available, in which, OER can be found. For class-specific support, please contact your subject librarian, or the Office of Digital Scholarship and Communications:

OER Repositories:

OER Commons: An online community and digital library where educators can identify, share, create open resources and open educational practices

MERLOT: The MERLOT system provides access to curated online learning and support materials and content creation tools, led by an international community of educators, learners and researchers

BC Campus: Canadian organization dedicated to curating high-quality OER and providing tools for authors to create Open Content


Additional Open Resources

Other Openly Licensed Materials: