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Jump Start Your Research!

The Research Process

The image displays a circular research process flowchart with seven steps. Starting from

Graphic and outline adapted from Leeland Speed Library, Mississippi College and The University of Illinois Research Writing Rescue

Research Steps

Choose Topic

If your professor has not assigned you a topic, choose an area of interest.

General Overview

Do some background research using a specialized subject encyclopedia, reference book, handbook, etc.  In this step you can

  • Get an overview of a new or complex topic
  • Find authoritative information
  • Find out the names of key players, authors, theorists in a given area
  • Locate terms that you can use in your research
  • Help narrow (or expand) your topic
  • Locate a bibliography of sources to help you start your research.

Narrow to research question

Narrow the subject into a research question and start an outline.  The VU Writing Studio has a great handout on this topic.

Type and amount of info

How long is your paper? A five page paper may require fewer sources than does a ten page paper. Has your professor asked you to use specific types of sources (e.g. scholarly, peer reviewed articles, books, newspaper articles, statistics)? 

Choose tools to search

Select a subject specific database or Library Catalog. Search for information you think can help you with your paper topic.  This is also a good time to select your search terms based on your topic. This handout provides more detail on how to do this.

Evaluate search results/sources

Look at your results, author credentials, read abstracts, skim the articles.  Do the articles help you accomplish your purpose? Don't rely on database ranking to do this for you.

Apply sources to your paper

This is the stage where you connect your research to your writing.  For articles you find helpful, you may want to take notes or summarize.  This handout from the VU Writing Studio provides more detail.

Repeat as necessary

Once you've started writing, you may find that you need additional sources for your paper.  You may want to change your search terms when searching a database or select another database. Add additional sources to your paper.