MHS 2260: LGBTQ Health Disparities

Librarian for Sociology, Environmental Sociology, MHS, GSS, and Public Policy Studies

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Pam Morgan

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Image of screen of library search with results for search on "lgbtq health disparities"

Gender Identity

A person's concept of self as being male and masculine or female and feminine, or ambivalent, based in part on physical characteristics, parental responses, and psychological and social pressures. It is the internal experience of gender role.

Sexual and Gender Minorities

Individuals including lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, intersex, gender non-conforming people, and other populations whose sexual orientation or GENDER IDENTITY and reproductive development is considered outside cultural, societal, or physiological norms.

Intersex Persons

Those individuals with INTERSEX CONDITIONS, with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.

Transgender Persons

Persons having a sense of persistent identification with, and expression of, gender-coded behaviors not typically associated with one's anatomical sex at birth, with or without a desire to undergo SEX REASSIGNMENT PROCEDURES.

The sexual attraction or relationship between members of both the same and the opposite SEX

The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the same SEX

Homosexuality, Female
Sexual attraction or relationship between females

Homosexuality, Male
Sexual attraction or relationship between males


Health Inequities
Differences in health status or in the distribution of health resources between different population groups, arising from the social conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.

Health Status Disparities
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by various factors including socioeconomic characteristics (see SOCIOECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN HEALTH), age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.

Social Determinants of Health
The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics


Health Equity
Opportunity to attain full health potential and no one is disadvantaged from achieving this potential because of their social position or other socially determined circumstance.


Healthcare Disparities
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.

Right to Health
Right to accessible health services physically within reach for all sections of the population, including children, adolescents, older persons, persons with disabilities and other vulnerable groups as well as financially and on the basis of non-discrimination. Accessibility also implies the right to seek, receive and impart health-related information in an accessible format for all, including persons with disabilities, but does not impair the right to have personal health data treated confidentially