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Constitutional Rights Foundation -- “Hate crimes,” crimes motivated by race, color, creed, religion, or gender are on the rise around the world. In the United States, over half such crimes are committed by people under the age of 21. This lesson explores legal issues arising from the prosecution of hate crimes and the protection of free speech.
Cornell University Law School. Legal Information Institute -- Outlines the basic legal characteristics of hate crimes in America, includes what constitutes a hate crime and what the general penalty for committing such an act is.
Works daily in courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Constitution and laws of the United States.
American Civil LIberties Union (ACLU) -- This Q & A article by the ACLU examines the issue of policies related to hate speech versus First Amendment rights on college campuses. Dated 1994, but still applicable today.
University of Maine at Augusta -- Anti-hate-crime organization that offers training and prevention programs to schools, colleges, law enforcement, and other community institutions to eradicate the perpetuation of hate by American citizens.
Southern Poverty Law Center -- Details a number of different hate crime instances across the U.S. from 2004-2007. Section of the Intelligence Report publication, a publication by the Southern Poverty Law Center which details the status of hate crimes in the U.S.
The nation's largest crime-victim service agency for the lesbian, gay, transgender, bisexual, and HIV-affected (LGTBH) communities; publications include media releases and reports on hate crimes and domestic violence.
American Psychological Association -- Provides an overview of hate crimes in America and what can be done to prevent them, also provides psychological services to those who have been the victims of hate crimes. Section of the American Psychological Association website.
Glen Kercher, Claire Nolasco, Ling Wu -- Sam Houston State University. Criminal Justice Center. Crime Victims’ Institute. -- 2008 report on hate crime statistics, institutional shortcomings, and potential solutions to addressing these types of crimes.
University of California at Davis -- Section of the UC Davis sexual orientation education website that reports data from Dr. Gregory Herek's national survey of lesbian, gay, and bisexual adults. This study is the first study to document the extent of hate crime victimization in a nationally representative sample of sexual minority adults.
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