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COVID-19 and Racism: Legislative Responses: Local Resolutions

This guide is a compilation of state and local laws that have been passed in the wake of COVID-19, as a response to the rise of racist and xenophobic attacks on Asians and other minority groups as well as an attempt to address systemic injustices.

City & Municipal Action

Daly City, CA

Local Resolution: Daly City Res. No. _ (April 2020), A Resolution of the City Council of the City of Daly City to Denounce Stigmatization, Hateful Racism and Xenophobia During the COVID-19 Pandemic. 

Status: Adopted on April 13, 2020. 

Last Accessed: 06/12/20 

Summary: A denunciation of stigmatization, hateful racism and xenophobia during the COVID-19 pandemic, against particular groups of people, notably Asian Americans, immigrants and healthcare workers.

Irvine, CA

Local Resolution: Irvine City Council Res. No. 20-xx (Mar. 2020), Resolution in Support of Irvine's Asian American Community

Status: Adopted in March 2020.

Last Accessed: 05/30/20

Summary: Condemning and denouncing anti-Asian sentiment.

City of Mountain View, CA

Local Resolution: City of Mountain View Res. No._ (April 2020), A Resolution Denouncing Xenophobia and Anti-Asian Sentiment Arising Due to Fears of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Affirming Its Commitment to the Well-Being and Safety of Asian-Pacific American Communities

Status: Adopted on April 21, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: A resolution affirming Mountain View City Council's commitment to the safety and well-being of Asian-Pacific Americans and in combating hate crimes targeting Asian-Pacific Americans.

Oakland, CA

Local Resolution: Oakland Res. No. 20-0368 (May 2020), A Resolution in Support of House Resolution 908 Condemning All Forms of Anti-Asian Sentiment As Related to COVID-19; Reaffirming Oakland's Protection of Asian American and Pacific Islander Communities; And Recognizing May 2020 as Asian and Pacific Islander Heritage Month.

Status: Adopted on May 12, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: A resolution demonstrating the city of Oakland's support for House Resolution 908, condemning all forms of anti-Asian sentiments, and reaffirming the city's commitment to prosecute and curb hate acts.

San Diego, CA

Local Resolution: San Diego, Res. No. R-2020-557 (June 2020): Resolution Denouncing Xenophobia and Anti-Asian Racism Arising Due to Fears of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Affirming The City of San Diego's Commitment to the Well-Being and Safety of Asian Pacific Islander Communities.

Status: Adopted on June 4, 2020.

Last Accessed: 06/08/20

Summary: A resolution denouncing xenophobia and anti-Asian racism arising due to fears of the COVID-19 pandemic and affirming the city of San Diego's commitment to the well-being and safety of Asian Pacific Islander communities.

San Francisco, CA

Local Resolution: San Francisco, Res. No. 148-20 (Mar. 2020)

Status: Adopted on March 31, 2020.

Last Accessed: Last accessed 05/29/20.

Summary: Resolution condemning the hateful usage of the term "Chinese Virus" and "Wuhan Virus" and condemning hate and xenophobic attacks.

Campaign: Stand Together

Status: Announced on October 20, 2020

Last Accessed: 03/03/21

Summary: San Francisco Mayor London N. Breed announced the launch of the Stand Together campaign to denounce and combat discrimination in San Francisco. The campaign, organized by the San Francisco Human Rights Commission and community leaders, will host a series of public Town Halls with community leaders over the coming months to work collectively to address bias and discrimination. The Stand Together campaign will also include community inspired artwork and youth-led projects that will attempt to repair community relationships that have become especially strained during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Stand Together campaign and monthly Town Hall series is designed to address racism against communities of color and the need for cross-cultural relationship building.

San Mateo, CA

Local Resolution: San Mateo County Res. No. _ (April 2020), Resolution Denouncing Xenophobia and Anti-Asian Sentiment Due to Fears of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Affirming the County of San Matero’s Commitment to the Well-Being and Safety of Asian American Communities. 

Status: Adopted on April 21, 2020. 

Last Accessed: June 12, 2020 

Summary: The county denounces xenophobia and anti-Asian sentiment and affirms San Mateo County’s commitment to the safety and well-being of Asian Americans and in combating hate crimes targeting them.

Santa Clara, CA

Local Resolution: Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors Res. No. _ (April 2020), A Resolution Denouncing Xenophobia and Anti-Asian Sentiment Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, and Affirming the County of Santa Clara's Support of and Commitment to the Well-Being and Safety of Asian American Communities.

Status: Adopted on April 7, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: The County denounces xenophobia and anti-Asian sentiment and will continue its efforts to protect residents and victims of hate, and to prosecute and curb hate acts related to COVID-19.

Aurora, CO

Local Resolution: Aurora Res. No. R2020-35 (May 2020), A Resolution Condemning Hate Crime Acts and Anti-Asian Sentiments Against Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, Immigrants and Refugees as Related to COVID-19.

Status: Adopted on May 4, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: City Council condemns hate crime acts and anti-Asian sentiments committed against Asian Americans, Pacific Islanders, immigrants, and refugees and seeks to unify the city of Aurora and all communities in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Hallandale Beach, FL

Local Resolution: Hallandale Beach Res. No. 2020-_ (May 2020), A Resolution of the Mayor and City Commission of the City of Hallandale Beach, Florida, Supporting the ADL’s (Anti-Defamation League) Anti-Hate Resolution Standing Against the Targeting of Individual Communities During the COVID-19 Pandemic; and Providing an Effective Date. 

Status: Adopted on May 20, 2020. 

Last Accessed: 06/12/20 

Summary: Denunciation of antisemitism, anti-Asian bigotry, and all hateful speech, violent action and the spread of misinformation related to COVID-19 that casts blame, promotes racism or discrimination or harms the city of Hallandale Beach Asian and Pacific Islander, Jewish, immigrant or other communities. Commitment to safety and well-being of community members, residents and targets and victims of hate.

Surfside, FL

Local Resolution: Surfside City Res. No. 2020-_ (May 2020), A Resolution of the Town Commission of the Town of Surfside, Florida, Declaring the Town of Surfside’s Commitment to Protecting the Safety and Welfare of All Community Members and to Combating Hate Speech Due to the COVID-19 Health Pandemic; Providing for Implementation; and Providing for an Effective Date. 

Status: Adopted on May 26, 2020. 

Last Accessed: 06/12/20 

Summary: Declaration of commitment to protecting the safety and welfare of all community members and to combatting all forms of hate speech, including antisemitism, racism, Islamaphobia, and Sinophobia, due to the COVID-19 health pandemic.

Marietta, GA (Cobb County)

Local Resolution: Cobb County Res. No. _ (June 2020), Resolution Condemning Racism. 

Status: Adopted on June 9, 2020. 

Last Accessed: 06/12/20 

Summary: A resolution confirming that the Cobb County government stands with all citizens of Cobb County against racism and reaffirms their commitment to providing an environment that supports civil rights for all.

Local Resolution: Cobb County Res. No. _ (June 2020), Resolution Supporting a Hate Crimes Bill in the State of Georgia. 

Status: Adopted on June 9, 2020. 

Last Accessed: 06/12/20 

Summary: Encouraging the Cobb Delegation to continue to work closely with the state legislature in adopting a hate crimes bill that ensures equal protection and equal justice for all.

Naperville, IL

Local Resolution: Naperville City Council Res. No. 20-588 (May 2020), A Resolution of the City of Naperville Celebrating the Diversity of Our Community and Denouncing All Acts of Racism, Intolerance, and Unlawful Discrimination

Status: Adopted on May 19, 2020.

Last Accessed: 06/08/20

Summary: A resolution celebrating diversity and denouncing all acts of racism, intolerance, adn unlawful discrimination.

New York City, NY

Reporting Center: New York City Commission on Human Rights COVID-19 Response Team

Summary: New York City Commission on Human Rights formed a COVID-19 Response Team to address increased harassment and discrimination related to the COVID-19 virus. The response team is comprised of staff from the Law Enforcement Bureau and the Community Relations Bureau, working in coordination to quickly and efficiently track and respond to the sharp increase in reports of harassment and discrimination connected to the pandemic.​

Oxford, OH

Local Resolution: Oxford Res. No._ (May 2020), A Resolution Condemning Hate Speech and Discrimination in the City of Oxford, Ohio

Status: Adopted on May 5, 2020.

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: A resolution condemning hate speech and discrimination in the city of Oxford, Ohio.

Ardmore, OK

Local Resolution: Ardmore Res. No._ (June 2020), A Resolution of the City of Ardmore Oklahoma Condemning Racism; Expressing the Intent of the Ardmore City Commission to Take Appropriate Action to Prevent and Eradicate Racism in Its Governmental Operations/Programs and to Insure that All Citizens are Treated Equally Under the Law

Status: Adopted on June 5, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: A condemnation of racism

City of Newport, RI

Local Resolution: City of Newport Res. No. _ (June 2020).

Status: Adopted on June 10, 2020.

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: Newport City Council strongly condemns all hate speech and use of racial slurs and implicit bias training shall be provided to all employees of the City of Newport and to the City Council.

Portsmouth, RI

Local Resolution: Portsmouth Res. No. 2020-xx-xx (June 2020), A Resolution Condemning Racist Attacks and Urging Efforts to Recognize and Stop Racism

Status: Adopted on June 8, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: A condemnation of all individual and systemic racism.

Nashville, TN

Local Resolution: Nashville Metro City Council Res. No. RS2020-433 (July 2020), A Resolution in Support of Communities Disproportionately Affected by COVID-19

Status: Adopted on July 7, 2020

Last Accessed: 07/10/20

Summary: A resolution condemning all manner of racism, stigmatization, hate speech, hate crimes, Islamophobia, xenophobia, discrimination and violence, which have been exposed and heightened due to COVID-19 and which are directed towards immigrants and communities of color.

San Antonio, TX

Local Resolution: San Antonio Res. 20-3124 (May 2020), A Resolution Affirming the City's Commitment to the Safety and Well-Being of All Community Members and Combating Hate Speech

Status: Adopted on May 7, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: A resolution affirming the city's commitment to the safety and well-being of all community members and combating hate speech; condemnation of the term "Chinese Virus" and combating hate crimes and hate speech against Asians.

Ogden City, UT

Local Resolution: Ogden City Council Res. No. 2020-3 (May 2020), A Joint Resolution Challenging Ogden Residents to Stand Against Xenophobia and Racism

Status: Adopted on May 12, 2020

Last Accessed: 06/09/20

Summary: This joint resolution between the Ogden City Council and Mayor encourages Ogden residents to celebrate diversity and inclusion, and to take a stand against xenophobia and racism in the community. This resolution is a response to xenophobia experienced by Asian Americans amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Redmond, WA

Local Resolution: Redmond Res. No. xxxx (April 2020), A Resolution of the City of Redmond, Washington Declaring Our Commitment to an Inclusive Community that Rejects Stigma and Bias Related to COVID-19. 

Status: Adopted on April 21, 2020. 

Last Accessed: 06/12/20 

Summary: Includes a statement supporting inclusion and rejecting racially based bias, harassment, and hate crimes due to COVID-19, as well as a request for reporting incidents of discrimination, harassment, or hate crimes.

Green Bay, WI

Local Resolution: Green Bay Common Council Res. No_ (May 2020), A Resolution in Support of Communities Disproportionately Affected by COVID-19.

Status: Adopted on May 5, 2020.

Last Accessed: 06/09/20.

Summary: A resolution to ensure the safety of all Wisconsinites by condemning and combating racism and xenophobia.