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High School to College Transition: Citing Your Sources

I forgot my style guide...

Do you need to format a citation for your bibliography and can't find your style guide?

Check out the Library's Style Guides for Writing guide for some online examples of properly formatted citations for a variety of citation styles.

Style Guides in the Libraries

The style guides highlighted below are the most common style guides in use in academia today. 

Consult your professor before selecting a style guide for your assignments.

Citing Sources?


When you "cite" a source you are showing, within the body of your text, that you took the words or ideas from another place. 

checkmark You also are providing a way for the reader (your professor) to locate the sources you relied on in your research.
checkmark Failure to acknowledge these sources can be considered plagiarism.
checkmark Remember that for whatever style you chose (in consultation with your professor), pay attention to the details and be consistent.  Incorrect citations are just as bad as no citations at all!

See the difference...

The examples below demonstrate how the various elements of a book citation (author, title, publisher, and year) are arranged using three different style guides.


APA, 6th ed.

Danesi, M. (2009).  X-rated!:  The power of mythic symbolism in popular culture.

    New York:  Palgrave Macmillan.

MLA, 7th ed.

Danesi, Marcel.  2009.  X-Rated!:  The power of mythic symbolism in popular culture.

     New York:  Palgrave Macmillan. Print.


Danesi, Marcel.  X-rated!:  The Power of Mythic Symbolism in Popular Culture.  New

     York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Tutorials Anyone?

For more citation fun check out one of these great tutorials.

What is it?

Book--the most straightforward.  Book citations usually contain author, title, year, city of publication, and the name of the publisher.

  • McCullough, Colleen.  1987.  The Ladies of Missalonghi.  New York: Harper & Row.

Journal Article-- usually has the title of the article AND the title of the journal.  Also often contains volume, issue number and pages.

  • Turney, Jo. 2010.  "Deadly Yarns and Knitted Fictions."  Piecework  28 (5): 20-21.

Book Chapter--the word "in" is a giveaway.

  • Haldon, John. 2002. "Humour and the everyday in Byzantium." In Humour, history, and politics in late antiquity and the early Middle Ages, edited by Guy Halsall, 48-71. New York: Cambridge University Press.